HISTORY OF MASSAGE
HISTORY OF MASSAGE
Ancient and medieval times
Archaeological proof of massage has been found in several ancient civilizations as well as China, India, Japan, Korea, Egypt, Rome, Greece, and Mesopotamia.BC 2330: The spot of Akmanthor (also called “The spot of the Physician”) in Saqqara, Egypt depicts 2 men having work done on their feet and hands, presumptively massage.
BC 722-481: Huangdi Neijing consists throughout the Chinese Spring and time of year amount. The Nei-jing could be a compilation of medical data far-famed up to it date, and is that the foundation of ancient Chinese medication. Massage is spoken in thirty totally different chapters of the Nei Jing. It specifies the employment of various massage techniques and the way they ought to be employed in the treatment of specific ailments, and injuries. conjointly called “The Yellow Emperor’s Inner Canon”, the text refers to previous medical data from the time of the Yellow Emperor (approx 2700 BC), deceptive some into basic cognitive process the text itself was written throughout the time of the Yellow Emperor (which would predate written history).
BC 762 “In the epos and also the Odyssey the massage with oils and aromatic substances is mentioned as a method to relax the tired limbs of warriors and how to assist the treatment of wounds,”BC 700 Bian Que, the earliest far-famed Chinese MD uses massage in practice. BC five hundred Jīvaka Komarabhācca, conjointly called Shivago Komarpaj, the founding father of ancient Thai massage (Nuad Boran) and Thai medication. consistent with the Pāli Buddhist Canon, Jivaka was Shakyamuni Buddha’s MD. He statute a healing system that mixes treatment, reflexology, and assisted yoga postures. ancient Thai massage is mostly supported a mixture of Indian and Chinese traditions of medication. Jivaka is understood nowadays as “Father Doctor” in Asian country.
BC 493: A doable biblical reference documents daily “treatments” with oil of myrrh as a section of the sweetness programme of the wives of Xerxes (Esther, 2:12)BC 460: medical practitioner wrote “The MD should be intimate with in several things, however assuredly in rubbing”.BC three hundred Charaka Samhita believed to be the oldest of the 3 ancient treatises of Ayurvedic medication, as well as massage. Indo-Aryan records indicate that massage had been practiced in India long before the start of recorded history.
AD 581: Dr Sun Si Miao introduces 10 new massage techniques and systematised the treatment of childhood diseases mistreatment massage medical aid.AD 581: China establishes a department of massage medical aid among the workplace of Imperial Physicians.
Middle-Ages: Medical data, as well as that of massage, created its method from Rome to Persia within the Middle Ages. several of Galen’s manuscripts, as an example, were collected and translated by Hunayn ibn Ishaq within the ninth century. Later within the eleventh century copies were translated into Latin, and once more within the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, after they helped enlighten European students on the achievements of the traditional Greeks. This renewal of the Galenic tradition throughout the Renaissance contend a really vital half within the rise of recent science.
One of the best Persian medics was MD, conjointly called Ibn Sina, United Nations agency lived from 980AD to 1037AD. His works enclosed a comprehensive assortment and systematization of the fragmental and unorganised Greco-Roman medical literature that had been translated Arabic by that point, increased by notes from his own experiences. one in every of his books, Al-Qānūn fī aṭ-Ṭibb (The Canon of Medicine) has been known as the foremost far-famed single book within the history of medication in each East and West. MD excelled within the logical assessment of conditions and comparison of symptoms and took special note of analgesics and their correct use in addition as different ways of relieving pain, as well as massage.
AD 1150: proof of massage abortion, involving the applying of pressure to the pregnant abdomen, will be found in one in every of the bas reliefs decorating the temple of Angkor Wat in Asian nation. It depicts a demon playing such associate abortion upon a lady United Nations agency has been sent to the underworld. this is often the oldest far-famed visual illustration of abortion.AD 1776: Jean Joseph Marie Amiot, and Pierre-Martial Cibot, French missionaries in China translate summaries of Huangdi Neijing, as well as a listing of medical plants, exercises and elaborate massage techniques, into the French language, thereby introducing Europe to the extremely developed Chinese system of medication, medical-gymnastics, and medical-massage.
AD 1776 Pehr Henrik Ling, a Swedish therapist, and teacher of medical-gymnastics is born. Ling has usually been mistakenly attributable for having made-up “Classic Massage” aka “Swedish Massage”, and has been known as the “Father of Massage”.AD 1779: French person Pierre-Martial Cibot publishes ‘Notice du Cong-fou des Bonzes Tao-see’ conjointly called “The Cong-Fou of the Tao-Tse”, a French language outline of medical techniques employed by Taoist clergymen. consistent with Joseph Needhan, Cibot’s work “was supposed to gift the physicists and physicians of Europe with a sketch of a system of medical sport that they could wish to adopt—or if they found it guilty they could be stirred up to create one thing higher. This work has long been considered of cardinal importance within the history of physical therapy as a result of it virtually definitely influenced the Swedish founding father of the trendy part of the art, Per Hendrik Ling. Cibot had studied a minimum of one Chinese book, however conjointly got a lot of from a Christian neophyte United Nations agency had become skilled within the subject before his conversion.”
AD 1813 The Royal Gymnastic Central Institute for the coaching of gymnastic instructors was opened in national capital, Sweden, with Pehr Henrik Ling appointed as principal. Ling developed what he known as the “Swedish Movement Cure.” Ling died in 1839, having antecedently named his pupils because the repositories of his teaching. Ling and his assistants left very little correct written record of their ways
AD 1878: Dutch massage practician Johan Georg Mezger applies French terms to call 5 basic massage techniques, and coins the phrase “Swedish massage system”. These techniques square measure still far-famed by their French names (effleurage (long, sailplaning strokes), massage (lifting and kneading the muscles), friction (firm, deep, circular rubbing movements), massage (brisk sound or music movements), and vibration (rapidly shaking or moving specific muscles)).
Modern massage times
Massage in China is an especially widespread medical aid, town of Shanghai alone enjoying host to over 1500 foot massage centers whereas there ar over 3000 in Shenzhen. it’s one in every of the largest service industries in China with staff in Shanghai list within the tens of thousands. the typical rate of procure a employee within the massage business in China is over ten thousand yuan per month, creating it among the best paid jobs in China’s service sector. China’s massage parlors ar ofttimes joined to the sex business and therefore the government has taken variety of measures in recent times to curb harlotry and therefore the unfold of sickness. in an exceedingly nationwide suppression called the yellow sweep (“Yellow” in Beijing dialect refers to sexual activities or sexy content), limitations on the planning and operation of massage parlors are placed, going thus far as requiring identification from customers UN agency viszmassage institutions late in the dark and work their visits with the native police.
Massage began to become widespread within the us within the middle a part of the nineteenth century and was introduced by 2 ny physicians supported Per Henrik Ling’s techniques developed in Kingdom of Sweden.During the Thirties and Forties massage’s influence faded as a results of medical advancements of the time, whereas within the Seventies massage’s influence grew all over again with a notable rise among athletes. till the Seventies, nurses used massage to scale back pain and aid sleep. The massage medical aid business is unceasingly increasing. In 2009, U.S. customers spent between $4 and $6 billion on visits to massage therapists. In 2015, analysis estimates that massage medical aid was a $12.1 billion business.
The service of massage or “physiological shampooing” was publicised within the Times from as early as 1880. Adverts claimed it as a cure for fleshiness amongst different chronic ailments. Massage is widespread within the uk and is gaining in quality.There ar several non-public practitioners performing from their own premises similarly as those that operate from industrial venues.
Sports, business and organizations
Massage developed aboard athletics in each Ancient China and Ancient Balkan state. Taoist clergymen developed massage as one with their Kung Fu gymnastic movements, whereas Hellenic Olympians used a selected kind of trainer (“aleiptes”)UN agency would rub their muscles with oil. Pehr Ling’s introduction to massage additionally passed off directly as a results of his study of gymnastic movements.
The 1984 Summer athletic competition in l. a. was the primary time that massage medical aid was televised because it was being performed on the athletes. And then, throughout the 1996 Summer athletic competition in Atlanta massage medical aid was finally offered as a core medical service to the USA Olympic Team. Massage has been utilized by businesses and organizations like the U.S. Department of Justice, Boeing and Reebok. Notable athletes like archangel Jordan and LeBron James have personal massage therapists that every now and then even travel with them.